The petroleum industry has attracted a lot of attention in recent years. It attracts investors of various grades at the downstream sector, coupled with the fact that the growth of most large urban areas of Nigeria, in size and population has led to high demand for petroleum product and as well land for socio-economic services. This high demand often results to land scramble and illegal conversion of land uses, leading to haphazard development and the deliberate sitting of petrol filling stations in unsuitable areas that are highly vulnerable to hazard. This study focuses on the rate of ill located petrol filling stations in Oyo particular lyin Atiba local government area of the settlement. Observation was the main instrument of data collection, with a checklist designed for the recordings of the observed characteristics in relation to the regulating standard guiding their locations. The study reveals that 30.77% of the filling stations are located too close to residential structures, without adequate regards for proper traffic flow. Hazards variables observed in relation to distance between petrol station and the residential area were: air pollution, fire outbreak, traffic congestion, traffic accidents, noise and soil pollution. The study concludes that the locations of petrol filling stations in the study area are inappropriate. It is recommended that National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency should ensure filling stations are erected in line with town planning regulations for sustainable development.
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