Iodine deficiency and their consequences on health learning capacities and productivities of affected people constitute a major problem of public health globally and are increasing prominence in Nigeria. Thus, the development of guidelines on control of iodine deficiency by the Federal Ministry of Health, despite its being long overdue, is another step in the right direction in improving the nutritional health of all Nigerians through appropriate control and elimination of iodine deficiency using such strategies such as supplementation, fortification, dietary advertisement and nutritional education. Available data from the National Food Consumption and Nutrition Survey (NFCNS, 2011- 2013) indicated the following prevalence “under 5 years’ children 13.0%, pregnant women 10.5%, and nursing mothers 13.0%. However, a person requires only a tea spoonful of iodine throughout their lifetime.
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